The Spirit of Dance – November 2019

BorodinBorodin Sunday November 17th, 2019 at 7:00 pm OrffOrff
Royal Northern College of Music, 124 Oxford Road, Manchester. M13 9RD
An American in Paris – Gershwin
An American in Paris is a jazz-influenced orchestral piece by American composer George Gershwin written in 1928. It was inspired by the time that Gershwin had spent in Paris and evokes the sights and energy of the French capital in the 1920s.

Gershwin composed An American in Paris on commission from conductor Walter Damrosch. Gershwin began the work in the summer of 1924. He scored the piece for the standard instruments of the symphony orchestra, saxophones, and automobile horns. He brought back some Parisian taxi horns for the New York premiere of the composition, which took place on December 13, 1928.

An American in Paris offers a kaleidoscope of musical impressions, opening with a light-hearted strolling melody soon interrupted by the honking of taxi horns. A busy street scene ensues, brassy interludes alternating with bubbly clarinets. Melancholy bluesy melodies, sometimes for woodwinds, sometimes for strings, most prominently for muted trumpet, occupy the central pages.

In 1951, it was given cinematic interpretation in the classic Gene Kelly film of the same name.

Polovtsian Dances – Borodin
The Polovtsian Dances form an exotic scene at the end of act 2 in Borodin’s opera Prince Igor. The opera is based on a 12th-century epic poem, The Tale of Igor’s Campaign, which tells the story of the heroic antics of a 12th-century Russian prince and his campaigns against invading nomadic tribes. Borodin initially started work on the opera in 1869 but only worked on it intermittently until his death in 1887 when the work was still unfinished. Rimsky-Korsakov and Stasov went to the composer’s home, collected his scores, and took them back to Rimsky-Korsakov’s. He completed the opera aided by the brilliant 23-year old Glazunov. The world premiere was finally given in St. Petersburg in November 1890 at the Mariinsky Theatre.

Themes from the Polovtsian Dances have been used widely in popular culture. The 1953 musical Kismet is mostly adapted from Borodin’s music, including these dances. For instance, the “Gliding Dance of the Maidens” from Polovtsian Dances is adapted to Stranger in Paradise (song), which has been performed and referenced extensively (see the corresponding article). Themes have been adapted into various genres of popular music and performed by many singers and groups.

Carmina Burana – Orff
This striking secular cantata composed by the controversial German, Carl Orff, is one of the best-known of all 20th Century choral works. Carmina Burana was composed between 1935 and 1936 by Carl Orff, based on 24 poems selected from the medieval collection Carmina Burana. The collection of 254 poems and dramatic texts were discovered in 1803 at the Monastery of Benediktbeuern near Munich. They were written in a mix of Medieval Latin, a few in Middle High German, and old Arpitan during the 11th, 12th and 13th centuries by the Goliards, a band of poet-musicians comprising of scholars and clerical students. The poems and dramatic texts celebrated with earthy humour the joys of the tavern, nature, love and lust.

Orff grouped the 24 selected poems into thematic categories. The piece opens with Fortuna, Imperatrix Mundi, (Fortune, Empress of the World), which introduces images of the capriciousness of fate and the Wheel of Fortune. The next section, Primo vere (Springtime), contains poems dealing with the arrival of spring, when men’s (and women’s) fancies turn toward romance. A subsection, Uf dem anger (On the lawn) is a series of dances. The next section, In taberna, (In the tavern), contains the most ribald poetry, and includes the famous song of the roasted signet and one of the great drinking songs of all time. The final section, Cours d’amour, (The Court of Love), represents a long and sometimes circuitous journey toward amorous bliss. It concludes with a reprise of the opening O Fortuna chorus, as the Wheel of Fortune continues to turn full circle.

Orchestra East Lancs Sinfonia
Nigel P Wilkinson Conductor
Fflur Wyn Soprano
Nick Hardy Tenor
James Cleverton Baritone

Tickets: adults £15, students £5 available from:

– Our ticket secretary on 0161 797 3583

– The RNCM Box Office 0161 907 5555 or online using their web site

– or via members of the choir